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Abstract. JARAMILLO JARAMILLO, Daniel Francisco. SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF THE ANDIC PROPERTIES IN AN HYDROMORPHIC ANDISOL FROM THE. Colombia. Sánchez Espinosa, Jorge Alberto; Rubiano Sanabria, Yolanda. PROCESOS ESPECÍFICOS DE FORMACIÓN EN ANDISOLES, ALFISOLES Y. Determinación de acidez en andisoles de la zona cafetera colombiana utilizando diferentes metodologias. Article (PDF Available) in Acta.

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These results are similar to those reported by Ramirez-Lopez et al. It has continuous vegetation and plant cover with a “yellowish to olive—brown” look due to the combination of dead and living grasses. Empirical equations for some soil hydraulic properties.

Andisoles y Molisoles by david patiño on Prezi

The Andes also play a key role in the climate of these regions as they cause an orographic uplift in which moist air rises. The DSD close to one showed the reliability of the fit of data to theoretical semivariograms, a necessary condition for the interpolation of variables in the elaboration of contour maps.

Being the highest in altitude, it also has the highest levels of solar radiation and night frost. Geostatistics, hydraulic conductivity, infiltration, sorptivity. For the butterfly genus, see Paramo genus.

The aim of the present paper was to characterize the spatial variability of the surface infiltration and its relation to some soil physical attributes.

Other common vegetation includes large and small shrubs, stunted trees, cushion plants, herbs, and rosette plants. Pearson correlation and cluster analysis allowed establishing relationships between soil attributes; spatial relationships were corroborated in contour maps, where we observed the influence of clay and sand content in the behavior of bulk density, and the influence of these attributes in processes of water infiltration into the soil.

Physical and hydraulic characterization of a clay soil at the plot scale. Views Read Edit View history. Dendrogram of cluster analysis of soil attributes A and representation of the Euclidean distance variation between attributes B. The attributes studied were bulk density, contents of sand, silt and clay, soil moisture, cumulative infiltration, basic infiltration, sorptivity, and saturated hydraulic conductivity Ks. Increases in temperature extremes are forcing many fauna and flora species to higher grounds, and eventually they could face extinction.

Southern Ecuador and northern Peru experience the most severe dryness as they are influenced by an air mass from the Amazon Basin, which releases its moisture on the eastern slopes, as well as another air mass from the west that is influenced by the Humboldt Current. These graphic representations revalidate the relationships found by Pearson correlation and hierarchical analysis. Recognition of the variability leads to reevaluating the conventional soil management in agricultural production, which assumes a homogeneous behavior of the soil attributes, and general recommendations are used.


Cumulative infiltration and Ks attributes did not fit to models of spatial distribution, finding ranges of m for the other attributes, distance to optimize future sampling for the study of spatial variability. There are diverse theoretical models that can be fit to the experimental semivariogram. This has altered forest lines, often lowering them by several hundred meters, which has also affected the zoning habitats for many animals. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira Existing correlations among attributes of sand and clay are confirmed, demonstrating that zones of high sand content correspond to zones with a low amount of clay.

The high levels of disruption also make this zone particularly difficult to define, as humans typically extend and expand the zone for their own purposes, sometimes over hundreds or thousands of years.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Spatial variability of hydraulic properties in a multi-layered soil profile. In Colombia and northern Ecuador, air masses from the Intertropical Convergence Zone ITCZ have a substantial effect on the climate, and these regions tend to be consistently humid approx. Porosity characterization of Argiudolls under different management systems in the Argentine Flat Pampa.

Studies that involve soil attributes variability help the analysis of the behavior of hydrophysical attributes in space, to support the decision-making process within the conception of precision agriculture. These authors affirm that this soil shows natural compaction processes of the soil aggregates, which justifies the high values found for the bulk density Bdwhose reported values are less in a study carried out in the rainy season of the same region Jaimes et al.

Geostatistical analysis of sorptivity for a soil under tilled and no-tilled conditions. In the same way, different relationships between soil attributes can be established, where simple techniques like Pearson correlation or cluster analysis allow visualizing the linear correlation between pairs of attributes, relationships that also can be seen especially using geostatistical techniques, which let obtaining detailed and practical information, in order to facilitate the management of fundamental resources in agricultural production, such as soil and principally water, in order to establish zones of management of the design, adjustment and operation of irrigation systems.

Retrieved 2 November This situation is expressed by the low soil water content lower than the wilting point, according to data reported by Jaimes et al.

The fit of Equation 2 was carried out by means of simple linear regression, with the program Curve Expert v. For the present study, this greater variation can be observed in step 7 Figure 1 Bwhere the Euclidean distance goes from a value of On the other hand, attributes hydrophysical influence many hydrological processes including infiltration, runoff erosion process, percolation and redistribution of pesticides leaching and migration of contaminants through the soil profile Bagarello et al.


Some comments on its use. This is because during the first moments of the infiltration process the advance time has not surpassed the insertion depth of the rings in the soil.

This model takes the form of Equation [1] Gil, The use of these techniques has limitations, since soil attributes are analyzed individually and does not identify the different interactions between them Boruvka et al. Moreover, under conditions of soil moisture content at the time of testing infiltration as well as aandisoles natural compaction cokombia, allow to verify the presence of macropores andizoles low and the incidence of repellency affected the lack spatial dependence of these attributes Sepaskhah et al.

At andisples same time, characterizing the infiltration process constitutes one of the basic parameters of the adequate design and management of the risk systems in agricultural production. Air temperatures are low – cold at night and cool amdisoles the day with daily oscillations greater than the oscillations of monthly averages. The spherical model has a high growth rate, although for large distances the marginal increments diminish until they become null. Soil Science Society of America Journal Philip elaborated a summary form of Equation 1 with two fitting parameters, sufficient to describe the behavior of the infiltration in relation to time Equation 2: Contour maps obtained by kriging of basic infiltration Asorptivity Bbulk density Csoil moisture Dand sand Esilt Fand clay G contents.

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In the absence of use of other tools for a better estimate, the characterization of soil attributes is done using measures of location mean, median, minimum and maximumdispersion coefficient of variation – CV and shape skewness and kurtosis.

Retrieved 29 Colombiq The precise determination of the water infiltration rate in the soil helps to minimize the risks of degradation, especially with the process of surface runoff. Field-scale variability of soil properties in Central Iowa Soils. The smallest ranges were shown for Bi and silt, with m and m, respectively, where Bd was the attribute that showed the greatest range m.

Wills, Fernando; et al. The soil has a relatively low pH because of an abundance of moisture and organic content. The influence of sand content on Bd can also be observed, where those zones that showed high sand content showed greater values of Bd.